Mary Lillian Andrews, Nov. 6, 1942 - Sept. 3, 1993

Today we celebrate the birthday of Mary Lillian Andrews with a virtual ofrenda.  Coalition for the Woolworth Building members and friends created the original, which was displayed at Muertos Fest 2019.  Learn more about the local traditions of Dia de los Muertos or Day of the Dead past and present.

Mary Andrews Led Local Lunch Counter Integration

Conservation Society President Patti Zaiontz introduces Taylor Andrews who reads her aunt’s historic letter requesting equal service at local lunch counters.

Seventeen-year-old Mary Lillian Andrews, the granddaughter of Samuel and Lillian Sutton, took a bold stand against lunch counter segregation in San Antonio, Texas. While a college freshman at Our Lady of the Lake, she served as president of the local NAACP Youth Council. Under her leadership, the student-led, national sit-in movement made its presence felt in San Antonio in March of 1960.

Mary wrote letters to downtown store managers, including those of F. W. Woolworth and S. H. Kress, requesting an end to segregated dining.  While awaiting a reply, she led a Youth Council rally where members planned what the San Antonio Register described as an “all-out assault on discrimination in San Antonio eating facilities.” Backed by an ultimatum by the NAACP, Mary’s words brought community leaders and store mangers together to negotiate the first voluntary, peaceful lunch counter desegregation of the national Civil Rights Sit-In Movement.

Mr. Charles Andrews, Jr., Mary’s older brother, provides an inside story about the photo of Mary that appeared in the March 31, 1960 issue of JET Magazine.

See Mary’s JET magazine photo

On March 16, 1960, seven stores in downtown San Antonio (excluding Joske’s) voluntarily and peacefully integrated their lunch counters.  In the wake of that success, JET Magazine asked Mary and a friend to pose for a photo at the lunch counter of the Woolworth’s on Alamo Plaza.

The Woolworth Building is listed on the World Monument Fund’s 2020 Watch List. Despite a recent report that confirmed the building as structurally sound, historically significant, and suitable for reuse, the State of Texas has yet to commit to preserving it.  It stands on Alamo Plaza as a monument to the Civil Rights history that Mary helped to make.  She used the power of youth action, and the conviction that injustice must be overcome by reason and right, to champion long overdue social change.  In honor of her birthday, please contact government officials and tell them to save the Woolworth Building.

Spotlight on the Ofrenda and its Inspirations

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